Research & Publications

This page has a collection of my academic papers that have been published after a peer-review process. I hold a PhD in urban geography from Tel Aviv University. You can follow my academic profile here.

My main research interests lie in pedestrian movement, traffic safety, transportation policy and sustainable urban development.

1. Evaluating Crash Risk in Urban Areas Based and Vehicle and Pedestrian Modeling

Omer, I., Gitelman, V., Rofè, Y., Lerman, Y., Kaplan, N. and Doveh, E. (2017), Evaluating Crash Risk in Urban Areas Based on Vehicle and Pedestrian Modeling. Geographical Analysis doi:10.1111/gean.12128 

This paper combines space syntax methods for pedestrian and vehicular movement modeling together with crash risk evaluation methodologies. The outcome describes street segment propensity for relative risk to their individual users according to the actual number of (predicted) road users.

2. Urban area types and spatial distribution of pedestrians: Lessons from Tel Aviv

Lerman, Y. and Omer, I. (2016) “Urban Area Types and Spatial Distribution of Pedestrians: Lessons from Tel Aviv”, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 55:11-23. doi: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2015.09.010

This paper presents several major findings from my PhD dissertation. The research took place in 4 areas in the city of Tel Aviv each divided to a contemporary and tradition urban sub-area. The findings show the association between pedestrian movement and the type of urban area as well as its spatial, functional and physical characteristics. An expansion about this paper can be found here.

3. The impact of planning on pedestrian movement: contrasting pedestrian movement models in pre-modern and modern neighborhoods in Israel

Omer, I., Rofè, Y. and Lerman, Y. (2015) “The Impact of Planning on Pedestrian Movement – Contrasting Pedestrian Movement Models in Pre-Modern and Modern Neighborhoods in Israel”, International Journal of Geographic Information Science, 29(12):2121-2142. doi: 10.1080/13658816.2015.1063638

This paper presents research done on in 14 neighborhoods in Israel with regards to pedestrian movement and its predictability. The findings show that there is lower pedestrian movement volume in modern neighborhoods and that this movement is less predictable than movement in pre-modern neighborhoods. An expansion about this paper can be found here.

4. Using Space Syntax to Model Pedestrian Movement in Urban Transportation Planning

Lerman, Y., Rofè, Y. and Omer, I. (2014), Using Space Syntax to Model Pedestrian Movement in Urban Transportation Planning. Geographical Analysis, 46: 392–410. doi: 10.1111/gean.12063

This paper describes an innovative transportation plan for the city of Bat Yam in Israel. This work focused on the creation of a pedestrian movement plan and using this model in the transportation master plan for the year 2030. A non-final version of the paper can be found here and an expansion about the paper is here.

5.  The Effects of Configurational and Functional Factors on the Spatial Distribution of Pedestrians

Yoav Lerman and Itzhak Omer in D. Vandenbroucke et al. (eds.), Geographic Information Science at the Heart of Europe , Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography,DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-00615-4_22, Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

This paper extends the research I did for my Master’s thesis. This study examined pedestrian volume movement in two adjacent areas in the city of Tel-Aviv through the analysis of the street network and land use distribution. One of the areas was built according to pre-modern concepts (prior to 1936 in Israel) and the other was built along more modern lines. It was found that the pre-moden area had over 50% higher pedestrian volume movement on average and that there were significant differences in the street netwrok structure and land use distribution between the two areas.

6.  A Visual Analytics Approach for Assessing Pedestrian Friendliness of Urban Environments

Tobias Schreck, Itzhak Omer, Peter Bak and Yoav Lerman in D. Vandenbroucke et al. (eds.), Geographic Information Science at the Heart of Europe , Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography,DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-00615-4_22, Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

This paper deals with a visual analytics method that can help in identifying pedestrian friendly places in the city. In this research pedestrian movement observations from the city of Tel Aviv and the city of Bat Yam (an inner suburb of Tel Aviv) were compared according to parameters related to street network and land uses. Significant differences were found between the places where high level of pedestrian movement was observed in the two cities. These differences may be a result of the different location in the metropolitan area of the two cities.